Damping-off diseases (Pythium spp. and Rhizoctonia solani)
Damping-off can occur when seedlings die before they have pushed through the soil, resulting in patches that appear to have germinated poorly. Alternatively, seedlings may emerge but fall over and die some time afterwards. The base of stem of affected seedlings become wet and brown. These disease-causing fungi are common in moist soils. They can also be transmitted on seeds.
- Use certified disease-free seeds. If it is farmer-saved seed, it can be given hot water treatment. For more information on Hot water treatment click here.
- Do not site seedbed on a field previously planted with brinjals (eggplants), pepper, potatoes or tomatoes.
- Solarisation of seedbed should be done where feasible. For more information on Solarisation click here .
- Avoid excessive watering.