Southern rust (Puccinia polysora)
Symptoms resemble those of common rust, particularly in the uredial stage (urediospores). The cinnamon-brown pustules tend to be smaller and more circular in outline than those of common rust. Pustules of telial stage (teliospores) are chocolate brown to black and circular to elongate. They are distinguished from common rust by retention of the epidermis of the leaf over the pustule for a long time. No alternate host has been reported for Southern rust.
- Use resistant varieties / hybrids, if available.